Welcome to Nebo Literature.

Tone or Attitude:

The tone is the attitude or feelings of the composer towards their audience and the subject matter. In oral presentations this may be carried by the voice, while in written communication it is conveyed by the choice of words and sentence construction.  The following columns are varied attitudes that can be expressed.

Neutral Tones:

considered, restrained, monotonous, ironic, impartial, impersonal, deliberative,  disinterested,  apathetic,  apolitical

Reflective Tones

Sad, anguished, grieving, dejected, melancholic,    mournful, plaintive,

Despairing, gloomy, saturnine, resigned, pessimistic, cynical, distressed, 

contemplative,  pensive, reflective, pondering, reminiscent, nostalgic, introspective, ruminative, brooding, vexing, rapt, fugue-state, maudlin,

longing, yearning, craving, wistful, pining, needy, supplicating, pleading, urgent,  lustful....





Disparaging                     Glib                       beseeching                   brooding

Bombastic                       Slick                      diplomatic                     maudlin

Critical                            romantic                compliant                      sad

Contemptuous                 personal                 flattering                       anguished

Arrogant                          intimate                 unctuous                       dejected

Supercilious                    jovial                      agreeable                      melancholic

Haughty                          jocular                   respectful                       longing

Disdainful                        genial                    humble                          yearning

Scathing                          pleasant                ingratiating                     despairing

Aloof                               hostile                   servile                            gloomy

Aristocratic                      sarcastic               cringing                         saturnine

Condescending                blunt                     crawling                         resigned

Patronising                      direct                    snivelling                        pessimistic

Pompous                         polite                    craven                            cynical

Conceited                        sincere                 obsequious                     distressed

Abusive                           false                     toady                              grief-stricken

Dismissive                      modest                  sycophantic                     contemplative

Derisive                          meek                    forelock tugging               pensive

Judgmental                     affectionate           brown nosing                   reflective

Denigrating                     enthusiastic           submissive                      pondering

Assertive                         passionate            consensual                      reminiscent

Insistent                          hyper-critical         begging                           nostalgic

Belittling                                                      pleading                          introspective

Intimidating                                                 Suppliant                         ruminative

Hectoring                                                     supine                             brooding

Strident                                                        obliging                           pining






Cold                                Bright                    glowing                           distrusting

Demanding                      sympathetic           humourous                      morbid

Brutal                              Supportive             frivolous                          bored

Aggressive                      euphoric                vitalised                          uninterested

abrasive                          blissful                   tedious                            Nihilistic

Defiant                            caring                   satirical                           complacent

Argumentative                 Optimistic               keen                                smug

vitriolic                            Positive                 arduous                           self-satisfied

sarcastic                         assuring                wonder                            apathetic

acerbic                            consoling              awe                                 comatose

bitter                               warm                     merriment                        negative

Combative                       solacing                zestful                                      

Resolute                          tender                   excited                           

Inflammatory                   sensitive                delightful                        

Intemperate                     Cheerful                mocking                         

Maniacal                                                      sublime                          





Exercises on Tone:

Tone as Attitude

Identify the tone or attitude of each of the following speakers:

a)   “Get out of here!  How dare you question my authority?”

b)   Would you mind leaving the room and giving us some respite please?

c)   “I hope you don’t mind me saying so, but I don’t think you have the ability to complete this course.”

d)   “You’re despicable!  You have the manners of a pig!”

e)   “You and I both know that the government has completely failed to inspire its citizens.  You are too intelligent to put up with this for long.

f)     Of course the parliamentarians need another raise. Why everyone knows they are destitute.  One look at their faces and you can tell how gaunt and emaciated they are.

g)   Mr Jackson,
     My daughter tells me that you and other teachers call her Sarah.  Please note that her name is Zara. See that you call her that name in the future.

h)   Dear Mr Robinson,
     I should deem it an honour to be considered for the position of junior salesman in you establishment.  I have always wished to work in a progressive organisation like yours and I assure you I will give every satisfaction.

i)     “People are important to me”  expressed the personnel officer signing the dismissal notices.

j)     Mr Squeers is modest;  he told us so – frequently. 

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